THE PUG

the pug

The Pug, also known as the Lo-sze in China or the Mopshond in Holland, originated in China more than 2,000 years ago. This breed then became popular in Tibet and Japan, where they were often given as gifts. The Pug then arrived in Europe in the sixteenth or seventeenth century and became extremely popular in Holland.

Brief History

The Pug was believed to have become the mascot of Holland’s Royal House Orange after one saved the life of the Prince of Orange by alerting him to the arrival of Spanish troops. Years later, the adorable breed arrived in the U.S. in the nineteenth century.

Physical Features

The Pug is a short, small dog breed with straight legs. With a large round head and a wrinkled forehead, this breed has a wide, short muzzle with an undershot bite. The Pug has large and dark wide-set eyes that add to its sense of puppyness well into its adult years. They have small rose-colored ears, a curled tail, and a short, smooth coat. Coloring is usually apricot, fawn, or black with a black mask and ears.

Average Height:

10-11 inches

Average Weight:

14-18 pounds

Life Expectancy:

12-15 years

Temperament

The Pug is an affectionate and intelligent breed. They are fun-loving, outgoing and charming. That said, this breed can be stubborn and tends to snore. It’s not their fault! The Pug is a great family dog and is great with children.

Pugs adapt easily to apartment life since they don’t require a lot of exercise. Although this breed can be stubborn, they are easy keepers and do best with positive training and plenty of socialization. The Pug is gentle with children and also enjoys living with single pet parents. This breed is very adaptable to different environments and makes for a great city companion.

Special Needs

The Pug needs to have plenty of protection from heatstroke. This breed does well indoors during extreme temperatures. They also need to be supervised when around water or swimming pools because of their front-heavy build and inability to swim. Many pet parents use life jackets for their Pugs when around water.

The Pug is a brachycephalic breed, also known as a short-faced or snub-nosed breed and needs to be monitored in hot temperatures. This breed also needs to avoid strenuous exercise.

Possible Health Concerns

  • HeatstrokeThis breed is more susceptible to heat than many other dog breeds. Pet parents should be monitor especially closely as overheating can sometimes be fatal.
  • Eye Problems – These are often related to corneal ulcers and dry eye. Deformities of the eye and eyelid can also occur in this breed.
  • Breathing Problems – Pugs also experience breathing problems in hot and humid environments.
  • Laxating Patellas – This is a condition where the kneecap moves out of place and is a common condition in smaller dog breeds.
  • Leg Perthes Disease – This occurs with the deterioration of the top of the femur and is seen in young miniature and small dog breeds. It is characterized by a lack of blood supply and destruction of blood vessels of the bone.

Exercise

The Pug does well with light exercise. A short walk around the block or brief trip to the dog park will suffice. Pugs enjoy dog training classes, obedience, agility and some rally sports. This should never be undertaken during hot or humid temperatures. Pugs need to be protected from extreme temperatures and during the hot summer months’ indoor exercise is recommended.

Nutrition

It’s important to keep this breed on a balanced diet and to watch their weight. Pugs pick up weight easily, and can become easily obese.

Grooming

This breed has a short coat that hardly sheds. Daily brushing with a rubber mitt or medium bristle brush will aid in removing loose hair and in keeping his coat healthy. The loose folds around their neck, head and shoulders need to be wiped daily and kept clean. Nails need to be trimmed regularly and ears checked for debris, dirt and possible infections. Pugs enjoy being bathed and pampered, and need twice yearly dental cleanings at the veterinarian.

Liked this post? Subscribe to our newsletter!

5 Diseases You Can Get From Your Cat

Did you know you can get diseases from your cat? Read this article and find out how.

What is the Age of Cats in Human Years?

Have you ever wondered what is the age of cats in human years? Here’s your answer.

How to Adopt a Maine Coon Cat

How to Adopt a Maine Coon Cat The Maine Coon Cat is one of the oldest breeds native to...

How Long are Cats Pregnant?

How Long are Cats Pregnant? Whether you’re a cat breeder or owner, if you have a...

Common Health Problems in Birds

If you have a bird it’s important to know the health concerns they may face.

Amazon Parrots as Pets

Amazon Parrots as Pets There may be more than 350 different types of bird species...

What Are African Grey Parrots?

What Are African Grey Parrots? One of the most distinctive breeds of parrot is the...

What Are Bearded Dragons?

What Are Bearded Dragons? The Bearded Dragon is like a primeval character that would...

A Guide to Pet Wellness Programs

Are pet wellness plans worth it? Taking your pet to the veterinarian for an annual checkup is the best way to catch problems before they become severe. Learn about pet wellness plans, including those from Banfield Pet Hospital, VCA, and National Veterinary Associates.

How do I Find Veterinarians Near Me?

If you have a pet (or several) you’ve likely asked yourself, how do I find veterinarians near me? If you’re about to search for “local vets in my area,” rest assured that we have done the work for you, and all you have to do is call.

Kidney Failure in Cats

Read this article to learn about kidney disease and kidney failure in cats. Know the signs of kidney failure in cats and call a veterinarian if you have any concerns.

Breathing Problems in Dogs and Cats

There are a number of reasons why your pet may be experiencing breathing problems, read this article for some possibilities.

Cat Health: A Checklist

In this article find a checklist for cat health. You’ll learn daily, weekly and monthly tips for cat healthcare. And call a local veterinarian if you have any concerns.

Common Illnesses in Dogs and Cats

Watch out for these common illnesses in dogs and cats, including skin conditions, upset stomachs, urinary tract infections, and arthritis.

Upset Stomach in Dogs and Cats

It can be scary when your dog or cat experiences vomiting or diarrhea. In this article learn the signs and symptoms of upset stomach in dogs and cats. As well as remedies for upset stomach in cats and dogs.

Dog Health: A Checklist

Keep track of your dog health with this checklist. Covering everything you need to do daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly.

Is Pet Insurance Worth It?

You may have asked yourself: is pet insurance worth it? Veterinarians and pet health experts say yes!

When to Visit Your Veterinarian

As a pet owner, it’s important to know the signs to watch out for that indicate a trip to the veterinarian is necessary.