MOO! All About Cows

26 Fun Facts About Cows

Our dairy friend, cow, serves us in a number of different ways – it gives us milk, butter, cheese, manure, and many other things. At first look, they might seem like simple animals but in reality, they are interesting to learn about.

Following are some fun facts you might not know about cows:

  1. The term “cow” refers only to females. Males are typically called bulls or steers. Before having a calf, a female is called heifer. She becomes a cow once she gives birth to her first calf.
  2. Just like humans, cows are also social animals that like to make friends. They live in large herds and are quite selective when it comes to choosing friends. As such, they bond to some herd members, while ignoring others.
  3. Cows sleep for just around 4 hours per day. They can even sleep while they’re standing.
  4. Do you know that cows are red-green colorblind? You might be thinking how are they able to see the red cape in a bullfight! Well, it’s actually the waving of the cape that draws the bull’s attention, not the red color.
  5. Oxen are just cows that have been trained to work as draft animals and to follow signals from humans.
  6. A cow chews her cud (partially digested food) for up to 8 hours each day. That makes around 30,000 chews every day!
  7. Many people think that cows have four stomachs. In reality, they have just one stomach with four digestive compartments— rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum – each having its own function.
  8. Do you know that a typical cow stands up and sits down about 14 times a day?
  9. Rumen, the main stomach of a cow, can hold up to 50 gallons of partially undigested food. To help you compare, a bathtub can usually hold around 30-50 gallons of water.
  10. Just like humans, the gestation period for a cow is nine months. A newborn cow weighs between 55-95 pounds. Cows are very protective mothers and can walk for miles to find their calves.
  11. Do you know how much milk a cow produces in her entire lifetime? Well, it can produce a whopping 200,000 glasses of milk during her life.
  12. You can lead a cow upstairs but not downstairs. This is because the knees of the cows can't bend properly to walk back down.
  13. A cow can produce 50 pounds of milk on any given day. This quantity is enough to fill six jugs of one gallon
  14. The average weight of a cow is usually around 1,400 pounds and to maintain this weight, it requires a diet of around 50 pounds every day.
  15. From how much distance can you smell the aroma of your favorite dish being cooked up? Well, a cow has the ability to catch a smell from a distance of 6 miles. This is certainly an excellent sense of smell.
  16. The average body temperature of a cow is 102 degrees Fahrenheit. During the winters, the thick skin and hair of cows act as natural insulators and protect them from the freezing cold.
  17. In India, cows are sacred animals and are honored in religious ceremonies. If you are a cow- India is the place to be.
  18. Cows can live for about 25-30 years. Though dairy cows rarely live that long, if the cow has horns, you can guess its age by counting the number of rings.
  19. Holstein cows may not have hands, but they definitely have their own unique “fingerprints” in the form of spots on the skin. No two cows have the same set of spots!
  20. We consume about 8 -10 glasses of water in a day. Have you ever thought how much water does a cow needs? A cow consumes about 30 -50 gallons of water on a given day.
  21. Do you know that cheese is known to have originated as early as 3000 BC? Milk from only goats and cow was used to prepare cheese during that period.
  22. Oxen are just cows that have been trained to work as draft animals and to follow signals from humans.
  23. An average cow chews at least 50 times per minute. It has more than 40,000 jaw movements in a day.
  24. More than 800 different cattle breeds are recognized all around the world.
  25. It is said that cows lay down before a storm because they can sense the lower air pressure. Many cow owners claim this is not true.
  26. Last, but not the least, the most famous Holstein-Friesian named Pauline Wayne was the pet of 27th US President William H. Taft. She provided milk for the first family and lived and grazed on the White House lawn.